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The National Eligibility-cum- Entrance Test [(NEET (UG)] is being conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) as a common and uniform entrance test for admission to undergraduate courses in each disciple i.e., MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BSMS, BUMS, and BHMS courses. NEET (UG) has been a qualifying entrance exam since 2020 for admission to the MBBS/BDS courses in AIIMS and JIPMER.

MNS (Military Nursing Service) candidates seeking admission to B.Sc. Nursing Courses at Armed Forces Medical Service Hospitals in 2024 must first qualify for NEET (UG). The NEET (UG) score will be used for selection to the four-year B.Sc. Nursing program.

Important Dates

Release of Notification

09th February, 2024

Opening date for online application form

09th February, 2024

Closing date for online application form

09th March, 2024

Date of exam

05th May, 2024

Timing of exam

02:00 PM to 05:20 PM

Declaration of Result

14th June, 2024

Download Notifications PDF

Download Notifications PDF

Selection Process

After passing the NEET 2024 examination, the authorities will create a merit list (All India Rank / State Rank) based on the marks obtained in the entrance exam. Students will be invited for counselling based on their ranking in the rank list. During the counselling process, candidates must select a list of universities to which they wish to be admitted. Seats will be assigned to students based on the choices they make, their rank, and the availability of seats in universities.

Eligibility Criteria

Qualification: The candidate must have passed intermediate Class 12 or its equivalent examination recognized by the concerned State Government and Education Board with the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English individually and must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Class 12th appearing candidates can also give NEET exam.

Age limit: Candidate has attained the age of seventeen years on or before the 31st December of the year of his admission in the first year of the course. There is no upper age limit.

Syllabus & Exam Pattern

The Test pattern of NEET (UG) -2024 comprises four Subjects. Each subject will consist of two sections. Section A will consist of 35 Questions and Section B will have 15 Questions, out of these 15 Questions, candidates can choose to attempt any 10 Questions. So, the total number of questions and utilization of time will remain the same.

S. No.

Subject (s)

Section (s)

Number of Question (s)

Marks (Each Question carries 04 (Four) Marks)

Type of Question(s)



Section A



MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions).

Section B





Section A



Section B





Section A



Section B





Section A



Section B



Total Marks



Note Correct option marked will be given (4) Marks and Incorrect option marked will be minus one (–1) mark. Unattempted/Unanswered Questions will be given no marks.

For Section A (MCQs): To answer a question, the candidates need to choose one option corresponding to the correct answer or the most appropriate answer. For the correct answer or the most appropriate answers will be given four marks (+4) and for any incorrect option marked will be given minus one mark (-1).

For Section B (MCQs): Candidates need to attempt any 10 Questions out of 15 Questions given. For the correct answer or the most appropriate answers will be given four marks (+4) and for any incorrect option marked will be given minus one mark (-1).

Duration of Test

The duration of the test would be three (03) hours and 20 minutes.

Mode of Examination

NEET (UG) – 2024 is a Pen & Paper-based Test.

Medium of the Question Papers 

The NEET (UG) -2024 is being conducted in English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.


Updated NEET 2024 Syllabus – Subject wise: The NEET 2024 syllabus has been changed, and the NTA issued the new syllabus in November. The syllabus for the NTA NEET is the same as that of the National Medical Commission (NMC).



Unit 1— Physics & Measurement

Units of measurements, System of Units, SI Units, fundamental and derived units, least count, significant figures, Errors in measurements, Dimensions of Physics quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

Deleted Topics Scope and excitement, Nature of physical laws, Physics, Technology and Society.

Length, mass and time measurements accuracy and precision of measuring instruments.

Unit 2— Kinematics

The frame of reference, motion in a straight line, Position- time graph, speed and velocity; Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Scalars and Vectors. Vector addition and subtraction, scalar and vector products. Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector, Relative Velocity. Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion. Uniform Circular Motion.

Deleted Topics Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number.

Unit 3— Laws of Motion

Force and inertia, Newton's First law of motion: Momentum, Newton's Second law of motion, Impulses: Newton's third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces.

Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a level circular road. vehicle on a banked road.

Deleted Topics Lubrication

Unit 4— Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies. work-energy theorem, power.

The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy. conservative and non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Deleted Topics Notion of Potential Energy

Unit 5— Rotational Motion

Centre of the mass of a two-particles system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body: Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications;

The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. and their applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.

Deleted Topics Momentum conservation and Centre of Mass Motion, Centre of Mass of Uniform Rod

Unit 6— Gravitation

The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler's law of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.

Escape velocity, Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, Time period and energy of satellite.

Deleted Topic Geostationary Satellite

Unit 7— Properties of Solids and Liquids

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow.critical velocity, Bemoulli's principle and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation.

Deleted Topics Shear modulus, Poisson’s ratio, Elastic Energy. Reynold’s number. Qualitative ideas of Black Body radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect. Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law, Anomalous Expansion, Thermal Conductivity.

Unit 8— Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.

The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.

Deleted Topics Heat engines and refrigerators.

Unit 9— Kinetic Theory of Gases

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of
gases - assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro's number.

Unit 10— Oscillations and Waves

Oscillations and periodic motion - time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.

Periodic functions, Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in SHM - Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period:

Wave motion, Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of travelling wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats.

Deleted Topics Free forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance. Doppler’s effect.

Unit 11— Electrostatics

Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb's law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux, Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; potential difference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitances, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

Deleted Topics Free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Van de Graaff’s Generator.

Unit 12— Current Electricity

Electric current, Drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current. Ohm,s law, Electrical resistance, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity and conductivity. Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.

Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff's laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre Bridge.

Deleted Topics The flow of electric charge in a metalic conductor, Carbon resistors, Colo Code for carbon resistors.       

Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Unit 13— Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. magnetic field lines; Magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis.

Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field. Para, dia and ferromagnetic substances with examples, Effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

Deleted Topics Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s Experiment. Cyclotron. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.                Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

Unit 14— Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law, Induced emf and current: Lenz's law, Eddy currents, Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage : reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance : power in AC circuits, wattless current, AC generator and transformer.

Deleted Topics LC Oscillations (qualitative treatment only)

Unit 15— Electromagnetic Waves

Displacement current, Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

Unit 16— Optics

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, thin lens formula and lens maker formula. Total internal reflection and its applications.

Magnification, power of a lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Refraction of light through a prism. Microscope and astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle, Interference, Young's double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster's law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid.

Deleted Topics Combination of a Lens and a mirror, Dispersion of light through a prism, Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes

Unit 17— Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de-Broglie relation.

Deleted Topics Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).

Unit 18— Atoms and Nuclei

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

Deleted Topics isotopes, isobars and isotones.   Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law.

Unit 19— Electronic Devices

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).

Deleted Topics Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator, Transistor as a switch.

Unit 20— Experimental Skills (Newly Added)

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:

1. Varnier calipers-its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.

3. Simple pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.

4. Metre Scale - the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.

5. Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.

6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,

7. Co-efficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.

9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

10. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.

11. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law.

12. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.

13. The focal length of;
 (i) Convex mirror
 (ii) Concave mirror and
 (iii) Convex lens, using the parallax method.

14. The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

15. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

16. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

17. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding      reverse break down voltage.

18. Identification of Diode, LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.



Physical Chemistry

Unit 1— Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry

Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; laws of chemical combination: Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

Deleted Topics General Introduction, Importance and Scope of Chemistry

Unit 2— Atomic Structure

Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect, Spectrum of the hydrogen atom, Bohr model of a hydrogen atom its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model. Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie's relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of Y and Y2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various   quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d-orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals-Aufbau principle. Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule. electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Deleted Topics Atomic Number, Isotopes, Isobars. Concept of shells and Subshells. Preliminary Models.

Unit 3— Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Kossel-Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds, Ionic bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds, calculation of lattice enthalpy.

Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. Fajan's rule, dipole moment: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.

Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - its important features, the concept of hybridisation involving s, p and d-orbitals; Resonance.

Molecular Orbital Theory Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy.

Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

Unit 4— Chemical Thermodynamics

Fundamentals of thermodynamics System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties. state functions, types of processes.

The first law of thermodynamics Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity: Hess's law of constant heat summation: Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomisation, sublimation, phase transition, hydration. lonisation, and solution.

The second law of thermodynamics

Spontaneity of processes; DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity. DG° (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

Deleted Topics 3rd law of Thermodynamics

Unit 5— Solutions

Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult's law - Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure-composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions: Colligative properties of dilute solutions- a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure, Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties: Abnormal value of molar mass, van't Hoff factor and its significance.

Unit 6— Equilibrium

Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium.

Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid gas and solid-gas equilibria. Henry's law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of DG and DG° in chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst: Le-Chatelier's principle.

lonic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionisation of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius. Bronsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionisation, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionisation) and ionisation constants, ionisation of water. pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

Deleted Topics Ionisation of Polybasics acids and acid strength.

Unit 7— Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.

Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch's law and its applications.

Electrochemical cells-Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications: Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator, Fuel cells.

Deleted Topics Corrosion

Unit 8— Chemical Kinetics

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions. rate, law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order                reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions, Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

Inorganic Chemistry

Unit 9— Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s,p,d and f-block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity.

Unit 10— p-block Elements

Group-13 to Group 18 Elements

General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

Deleted Topics This unit contains the complete matter of 2 previous units (some p block elements and p block elements.

Unit 11— d- and f- Block Elements

Transition Elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements- physical properties, ionisation enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation. interstitial compounds, alloy formation: Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7, and KMnO4.

Inner Transition Elements Lanthanoids-Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction.

Actinoids-Electronic configuration and oxidation states. 

Unit 12— Co-ordination Compounds

Introduction to coordination compounds. Werner's theory: ligands. coordination number. denticity, chelation: IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, isomerism: Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

Organic Chemistry

Unit 13— Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

Purification - Crystallisation, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography-principles and their applications. Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens.

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen. halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.

Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis, New chapter formed from Organic Chemistry : Some Basic Principles and Techniques.

Unit 14— Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules- hybridisation (s and p): Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulphur, Homologous series: Isomerism - structural and stereoisomerism.

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC) Covalent bond fission - Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions: stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles, and nucleophiles.

Electronic displacement in a covalent bond - Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation. Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

Deleted Topics Methods of Purification, Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis shifted to Unit 13

Unit 15— Hydrocarbons

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

Alkanes-Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane): Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.

Alkenes-Geometrical isomerism: Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water. hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxide effect): Ozonolysis and polymerisation.

Alkynes-Acidic character: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, and hydrogen halides: Polymerization.

Aromatic hydrocarbons-Nomenclature, benzene structure and aromaticity: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration.

Friedel - Craft's alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono- substituted benzene.

Unit 16— Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions: Nature of C­—X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.             Uses: Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT.

Unit 17— Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.


Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols: mechanism of dehydration.

Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation. Reimer-Tiemann reaction.

Ethers: Structure.

Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group. Nucleophilic addition to >C==O group. relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones: Important reactions such as- Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of a-hydrogen, aldol condensation. Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction. Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones.

Carboxylic Acids acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Unit 18— Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses.

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character, and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.

Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit 19— Biomolecules

General introduction and importance of biomolecules.

Carbohydrates - Classification, aldoses and ketoses: monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose).

Proteins - Elementary Idea of a-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides. Proteins: primary. secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins - Classification and functions.

Nucleic Acids - Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA.   Biological functions of nucleic acids. Hormones (General introduction).

Deleted Topic Polysaccharide

Unit 20— Principles Related To Practical Chemistry (Newly Added)

Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen. Sulphur, halogens) in organic compounds: Detection of the following functional groups; hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.

The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:

Inorganic compounds; Mohr's salt, potash alum.

Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.

  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises - Acids, bases and the use of indicators, oxalic- acid vs KMnO4 Mohr's salt vs KMnO4
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
    Cations — Pb2+ , Cu2+, Al3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+ NH4+.
    Anions\(CO_3^2–\), S2–, \(SO_4^2–\), NO2, NO3, Cl, Br, I (Insoluble salts excluded).

Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:
1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4.
2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

List of Completely Deleted Units
 1. States of Matter (Gases and Liquids)
 2. Hydrogen
 3. s-block elements
 4. Environmental Chemistry 
5. Solid State
6. Surface Chemistry
7. General Principles and Process of Isolation of Elements
8. Polymers
9. Chemistry in Everyday Life



Unit 1— Diversity in Living World

  • What is living?: Biodiversity; Need for classification;: Taxonomy & Systematics: Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy: Binomial nomenclature:
  • Five kingdom classification, salient features and classification of Monera: Protista and Fungi into major groups: Lichens: Viruses and Viroids.
  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category):
  • Salient features and classification of animals non-chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples).
  • Deleted Topics Tools for Study of Taxonomy - Museums, Zoos, Herberia, Botanical Gardens, Three Domains of Life Angiosperms

Unit 2— Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and recemose. flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus) Family (Malvaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminoceae, Compositae, Graminae).
  • Animal tissues, Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (Frog). (Brief account only).

Unit 3— Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell: Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall: Cell organelles- structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies. lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies: Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function): Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action, classification and nomenclature of enzymes.
  • Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

Unit 4— Plant Physiology

  • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition: Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea): Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation: Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways: Factors affecting photosynthesis.
  • Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic), Energy relations- Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways: Respiratory quotient.
  • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators. auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA.
  • Deleted Topics/Chapter Transport in Plants, Mineral Nutrition (complete chapters).         Seed Dormancy, Vernalisation, Photoperiodism.

Unit 5— Human Physiology

  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only). Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, Respiratory volumes: Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders
  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood. Composition of lymph and its function: Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels: Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation: Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease. Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
  • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism: Human excretory system-structure and function: Urine formation, Osmoregulation: Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor. ADH and Diabetes insipidus: Role of other organs in excretion. Disorders: Uraemia, Renal failure. Renal calculi. Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement-ciliary, fiagellar, muscular, Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system: Generation and conduction of nerve impulse;
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones: Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal. Thyroid, Parathyroid. Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders, e.g. Dwarfism. Acromegaly, Cretinism, Goitre, Exopthalmic goitre, Diabetes. Addison's disease). (Imp Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief)
  • Deleted Topics/Chapter Digestion and Absorption (complete chapter).   Reflex Action, Sense Organs, Elementary structure and Function of Eye and Ear.

Unit 6— Reproduction

  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure: Development of male and female gametophytes: Pollination-types, agencies and examples, Outbreeding devices: Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post-fertilization events-Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy. polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation
  • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary: Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis: Menstrual cycle: Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation: Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
  • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis: Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies- IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
  • Deleted Chapter Reproduction in Organisms (Complete Chapter).

Unit 7— Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance: Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance. Co-dominance. Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups. Pleiotropy: Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance: Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honeybee: Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down's syndrome, Turner's and Klinefelter's syndromes.
  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material: Structure of DNA and RNA: DNA packaging, DNA replication, Central dogma, Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation- Lac Operon: Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting, protein biosynthesis.
  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin's contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution- Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg's principle: Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

Unit 8— Biology and Human Welfare

  • Health and Disease; Pathogens: parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis, Typhoid, Pneumonia, Common cold, Amoebiasis, Ringworm, Dengue, Chikungunya) Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines: Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse. Tobacco abuse.
  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production. sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
  • Deleted Chapter Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production (Complete Chapter)

Unit 9 — Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology, Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

Unit 10 — Ecology and Environment

  • Organisms and environment Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism: Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
  • Ecosystem: Patterns, components: productivity and decomposition: Energy flow: Pyramids of number, biomass, energy.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity: Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, hiosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries, Sacred Groves.
  • Deleted Topics/Chapter Habitat & Niche, Population and ecological adaptations. Nutrient Cycling (Carbon & Phosphorus), Ecological Succession, Ecological Services. Environmental Issues (complete chapter).

Admit Card

The NEET UG admit card 2024 is expected to be released by the NTA in the 4th week of April at neet.ntaonline.in. The official release date of admit card for NEET UG is yet to be announced. Steps to Download the NEET admit card: -

  1. Go to the official website, http://neet.ntaonline.in.
  2. Click straight on the NEET 2024 admit card login link, following the availability.
  3. Once the portal is open, enter your application number, date of birth, and security pin. Then click the submit button.
  4. The NEET 2024 admission card will be displayed on the screen.
  5. The candidate must then verify the information included in the NEET admit card 2024. In the event of a discrepancy, authorities must be notified promptly.
  6. The applicant should then download the NEET 2024 admission card and print it three to four times for future reference.
  7. The parent's signature is required in the place provided on the NEET admission card 2024.


The National Testing Agency (NTA) will declare the NEET 2024 results on June 14, 2024.

  1. The NEET 2024 results will be available at neet.ntaonline.in.
  2. Visit http://neet.ntaonline.in, the official website for the NTA NEET results.
  3. Click on the "View NEET-UG 2024 -Result" tab that appears on the screen.
  4. On the NEET candidate login page, enter your roll number, date of birth, and security pin.
  5. The NEET rank card for 2024 will be provided on the screen.
  6. Download the NEET 2024 results by clicking on the 'Print' option and then saving them.
  7. Candidates are encouraged to save a copy of their NTA NEET result 2024 pdf and keep it until the admission procedure is completed.

Cut Off

The cut off for the NEET (UG) 2024 Examination will be release on 14th June, 2024 with the result declaration.

Answer Key

The authorities will release the NEET UG 2024 answer key and OMR sheet a few days after the test. Candidates who will sit in the test can obtain the answer key of NTA NEET 2024 by following the instructions listed below:

  1. Visit the official website at http://neet.nta.nic.in.
  2. Click on the official link for the NEET answer key.
  3. NEET answer key PDF will be shown on the screen.
  4. Download the final answer key for the NEET 2024 examination.
  5. The NEET 2024 answer key mentions the question number and the right answers.
  6. Estimate the score using the answer key for NEET 2024.
  7. Download and save it for future reference.

Preparation Tips

Candidates must thoroughly understand the NEET curriculum before beginning their preparation, as it acts as the foundation for their study regimen. The entire preparation would be pointless if the applicants were unaware of the sections, chapters, and ideas included in the NEET syllabus 2024. Leading coaching institutes will release an analysis of the exam conducted by academic experts. Nonetheless, the previous year's study of the NEET UG test will assist applicants in their NEET exam preparation.

  1. Previous year's experts said that the NEET test last year was of moderate difficulty.
  2. Physics was the easiest subject to undertake, as opposed to Chemistry, which was more difficult. Biology's difficulty level was determined to be moderate.
  3. In the Physics part, both numerical and assertion-based problems were presented.
  4. Some problems involved extensive computations, but overall, the portion was simple.
  5. According to the exam analysis conducted by a tutoring organization, the Zoology portion was more challenging than the Botany section.
  6. Chemistry was identified as the most difficult section. The questions were gathered from all topics.

Apply Online

The NEET 2024 application procedure concluded on March 16, 2024. The NEET 2024 application correction window is open from March 18, 2024, till March 20, 2024, at 11:50 p.m. Only applicants who completed and submitted the NEET application form 2024 before the deadline are eligible to use the correction service.


Where can I access the syllabus of the National Eligibility-cum Entrance Test NEET (UG) - 2024?
The NMC (National Medical Commission) has notified the syllabus of NEET (UG). The Question Paper will be based on the given syllabus which is available on the NMC website for the Academic year 2024-25, the NMC has uploaded the updated syllabus of NEET (UG) – 2024.

Is there any change in the syllabus for NEET (UG) - 2024 with respect to the previous year?
Yes, there are some changes in the syllabus of NEET (UG) – 2024 with respect to the previous year. Those topics which are neither being taught anywhere in the School Board nor available in the latest book of NCERT, have been deleted. The syllabus has been revised and reduced to focus on core concepts.

Why has syllabus of NEET (UG) been revised for the Academic Year 2024-25?
Due to the COVID-19 scenario, a portion of the syllabus of each subject has been deleted by various school boards. The deleted portion is still not being taken back by these boards.

Can I appear for NEET exam if I have a year gap between class 11 & 12?
Yes, you can appear for NEET exams with a year gap.

I have crossed 25 years of age; can I take up NEET?
Candidates must meet the lower age limit is 17 years compulsory, however, there is no restriction on the upper age limit. But all the other criteria should be met.

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