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Top Current Affairs 1 June 2024
National Affairs

Gender Sensitisation Committee Reconstituted

  • The Supreme Court of India on June 1, 2024made a significant alteration to its Gender Sensitization and Internal Complaints Committee (GSICC) structure.
  • This action complies with the 2013 legislation against sexual harassment and gender sensitization. It emphasizes that the courts will keep tackling issues related to gender.
  • The process of restructuring was spearheaded by India's Chief Justice, who appointed Justice Hima Kohli as chairperson.
  • Dr. Sukhda Pritam has been appointed member secretary, while Justice BV Nagarathna has been selected as a member.
  • The organization is more effective because of its leadership's efforts to ensure that it possesses a combination of legal and intellectual expertise.
  •  This systematic approach ensures that the committee continues to function as a cohesive unit.

 

Drone Balloon Trials for 5G Emergency Connectivity of DoT

  • The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) is investigating novel approaches to employ drones and tethered balloons in order to promptly restore 5G connectivity following calamities and natural disasters on June 1, 2024.
  •  This technique aims to address the issue of regular internet services being stopped in these kinds of circumstances.
  • The viability of this project will be evaluated in the upcoming months, and a decision is anticipated by June of the subsequent year.
  •   The trials, led by DoT, will evaluate the feasibility of setting up temporary 5G networks in real-world scenarios using tethered kites and drones.
  • These are intended to offer mobile service in case of emergencies, like remote accident sites and natural catastrophes.
Science and Technology

ESA and NASA developed Standardized Lunar Time System (Space)

  • The NASA and European Space Agency (ESA) on June 1, 2024 collaborated to establish a regular time system for the moon, as part of the Artemis mission.
  •  This new concept aims to facilitate the return of humans to the Moon as soon as possible and to facilitate cooperation between the various governmental and corporate organizations that are interested in Moon exploration.
  •  In order to address the practical concerns raised by the increasing number of scheduled lunar journeys by commercial firms and nations such as China and India, a single lunar time system must be established.
  • Without a common method to measure time, coordinating activities including launches, landings and ground operations would become too difficult to manage.

 

Successful Pig Liver Transplant in Cancer Patient (Health and Nutrition)

  • A 71-year-old man suffering from severe liver cancer becomes the first person in history to receive a liver donation from a genetically engineered pig on June 1, 2024.
  •  This historic procedure was carried out by physicians at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University in China.
  • A significant advancement in the science of xenotransplantation—the transplanting of animal organs into humans—has been made with the safe use of pig liver.
  •  In the transfer on May 17, pig liver that had been genetically altered in 10 distinct ways to reduce the likelihood of organ rejection and other issues was utilized.
  •  The 514-gm pig liver was intended to be used in the human body as possible.

 

Global Organ Transplant Strategy Approved

  • The 77th World Health Assembly created headlines on June 1, 2024, when it adopted a draft resolution to increase global access to organ donations, including those manufactured using human tissues and cells.
  • This initiative aims to facilitate the process of receiving a transplant for individuals in both industrialized and developing nations, taking into account the disparities in the availability of transplants. 
  • The resolution requests that member nations develop a worldwide strategy to enhance organ transplants. In 2026, this strategy will be implemented.
  •  It emphasizes how crucial it is to adhere to WHO's Guiding Principles even more, particularly when it comes to raising the quantity of deceased donors so that they can be fully utilized for therapeutic purposes.
Sports Panorama

Scripps National Spelling Bee

  • Bruhat Soma, a 12-year-old Indian-American seventh-grader from Florida, won the coveted Scripps National Spelling Bee on June 1, 2024.
  • In the tiebreaker round, Bruhat correctly spelled 29 words, further solidifying the dominance of the small ethnic minority in this prestigious tournament and earning him over $50000 in cash and additional prizes.
  • Bruhat and Faizan Zaki engaged in an exciting tiebreaker to determine the winner of the 2024 Scripps National Spelling Bee.
  •  Bruhat outperformed Faizan, who correctly spelled 20 words, in the lightning round by spelling an amazing 29 words in 90 seconds.
  • Bruhat was competing in the Scripps National Spelling Bee for the third time. He finished in a tie for 74th position in 2023 and 163rd place in 2022.
Person in News

Sheikh Sabah Al-Khalid Al-Sabah

  • Sheikh Meshal Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, the ruler of Kuwait and a former prime minister, issued a decree nominating Sheikh Sabah Al-Khalid Al-Sabah as the country's new crown prince on June 1, 2024.
  • From 2019 - 2022, Sheikh Sabah Al-Khalid served as Kuwait's prime minister. It is notable that the first Crown Prince whose father has never ruled Kuwait is Sheikh Sabah Al-Khalid. 
  • This is the first time the Al Hamad branch of the Mubarak dynasty of the ruling Al Sabah family has produced a crown prince.
  • The custom of choosing crown princes from the Al Jaber or Al Salem branches is broken by this new action.
  •  In addition, this is the first time a crown prince from Kuwait has been named without his father having held an emiralty position.

 

Virat Kohli

  • The ICC Men's ODI Player of the Year 2023 title went to Indian cricketer Virat Kohli, on June 1, 2024.
  • This award was given to Virat Kohli at the T20 World Cup picture shoot. Additionally, he received the 2023 ICC ODI Team hat.
  •  In 2023, the 35-year-old experienced yet another incredible apex in his remarkable career, following a few years of patchy play and a battle for huge scores.
  •  He amassed 1,377 runs at a strike rate of 99.13 and an average of 72.47 in 27 ODIs, with six hundreds and 8 fifties in 24 innings. His highest rating was 166*.

 

Brydon Carse

  • Brydon Carse, an England fast-bowling all-rounder, was found guilty of breaking betting restrictions and will serve a three-month suspension from all forms of cricket from June 1, 2024.
  • Charges were filed against the 28-year-old after he placed an astounding 303 bets on different cricket matches between 2017 - 2019.
  • Brydon Carse was first given a 16-month penalty, with 13 months suspended, after he accepted the allegations.
  • It's significant to remember that the Durham cricket player did not wager on any games in which he participated.

 

Tanvi Sharma

  • Young Indian shuttler Tanvi Sharma won the women's singles championship at the Bonn International Badminton Competition, a BWF Future Series competition in Bonn, Germany on June 1, 2024.
  • The match ended after 34 minutes with her defeating Wang Pei Yu of Chinese Taipei. Tanvi prevailed in a closely contested match, 21-19, 22-20.
  • Tanvi Sharma, a Punjabi native, also won a gold medal for the Indian women's team at the Badminton Asia Team Championships in February, 2024 in Selangor, Malaysia.
  • She had an amazing run through the Bonn International event, winning against a number of opponents such as Yi En Hsieh of Chinese Taipei and Azkya Aliefa Ruhanda of Switzerland.

 

DP Manu

  • India's DP Manu and Nithya Ramraj won 1 gold and 1 silver medal, respectively at the Taiwan Athletics Open 2024, on June 1, 2024.
  • Manu won the gold medal in the men's javelin throw with a best throw of 81.58 m. His opening throw for the tournament was 78.32 m.
  • On his 6th and last try, though, he managed to earn the top spot in the tournament with the highest throw of 81.58 m.
  • With a throw of 76.21 m, Chinese Taipei's Chao Tsun Cheng won the silver, and his countrymate Chao-Hong Huang took home the bronze with a throw of 71.24 m.
  •  Nithya Ramraj won the silver medal in the women's 100-m hurdles, clocking in at 13.23 seconds.
State Affairs

AI Learning in School Textbooks in Kerala

  • Kerala on June 1, 2024began offering Artificial Intelligence (AI) learning in its Information & Communication Technology (ICT) textbook for students in Class 7.
  • With this programme, the state's technical education will take a big step forward as over 4 lakh kids will be introduced to AI in the next academic year.
  • Students will have the chance to develop an AI algorithm that can identify up to 7 different human face expressions in the "Computer Vision" chapter.
  •  They will gain a practical understanding of AI applications from this hands-on experience.
  • Kerala is committed to preparing its kids for the digital age, as seen by its decision to implement AI learning for all students in a class, which is the first of its kind in India.

 

School Wellness and Health Programme Organized in Ladakh

  • A comprehensive school health and wellness programme was organized by Government Model Middle School Biathang Shilikchey and the Block Medical Office Kargil, Ladakh on June 1, 2024.
  • The programme's goals were to improve student wellbeing and raise awareness of gender equality and health issues.
  • The free medical examination and medication distribution, which included setting up a mobile lab to give students access to healthcare services, was a major highlight of the occasion.
  •  These kinds of programs greatly broaden students' perspectives and improve their comprehension of critical social and health issues.
  •  The meeting emphasized the necessity of working together to support school-based health programs.

 

World Heritage Valley of Flowers in Uttarakhand

  • The World Heritage Valley of Flowers in Uttarakhand's Chamoli district opened to visitors on June 1, 2024.
  •  The first party of 48 tourists was sent down to the valley from Ghangaria.
  • According to BB Martoliya, Divisional Forest Officer of Nanda Devi National Park, Indian nationals must pay 200 for the Valley of Flowers hike, while international citizens must pay 800.
  • The Valley of Flowers is a large area covering around 3 square km and is situated at an elevation of 12995 feet above sea level.
  •  Visitors can still visit Valley of Flowers through October 30.
Miscellaneous

World No Tobacco Day 2024

  • The Government of India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare planned a World No Tobacco Day 2024 celebration on June 1, 2024.
  • The theme for this year is "Protecting Children from Tobacco Industry Interference," which emphasizes how critical it is to protect young people from the harmful effects of tobacco use.
  • During the function, Union Health Secretary Shri Apurva Chandra spoke to the audience via video message, emphasizing the harmful effects of tobacco use.
  •  In order to promote healthier communities, Apurva Chandra stressed the government's proactive approach, which involves putting policies into place at all levels—local, national, regional, and international.
  •  These initiatives aim to drastically reduce the prevalence of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke.

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